Keep it simple.
You cannot look in all directions so focus only in your line of vision. Do not look for specific animals rather look out for movement. Animals tend to be inquisitive and will raise their heads or flick an ear or tail which is what you look out for.
Watch the behaviour of antelopes. They can smell a predator many metres away, if the predator is upwind, and will sound the alarm and will freeze and stare in that direction.
Drive slowly, 30km/hour. Focus on the middle distance. If it is near the road, chances are you will see it.
Stop for everything. Many times when stopping for the little things, we have had a leopard or lion turn up. Patience pays off, park of at a waterhole and wait.
Keep a journal of your sightings. We tend to find animals in the same general area. Early mornings are best for cats but as long as you are on the road you could see some action. We have seen leopard and caracal at midday.
If you see something slow down, switch off the car (not for ellies
) and let the animal feel comfortable and relax. If you see a few cars stopped, approach slowly. If you not interested in the sighting, be patient and considerate.
Have a good driver
who stops for all the stumps and termite mounds – some of them will come alive
Lastly know where the snacks are so you do not have to take your eyes away from the spotting