Africa Wild Flower Book - Order Malvales

Mon Jan 20, 2014 3:29 am

Index to Flowers in the Order Malvales

Family: Malvaceae
Abutilon sp. Wild Abutilon viewtopic.php?p=193129#p193129
Abutilon sp. Wild Abutilon viewtopic.php?p=249108#p249108
Hermannia filifolia filifolia Dollrose viewtopic.php?p=224313#p224313
Hermannia grandiflora Desert Rose viewtopic.php?p=229279#p229279
Hermannia stricta Desert Rose viewtopic.php?p=170770#p170770
Hibiscus cannabinus Decan Hemp, Kenaf, Hemp-leaved Hibiscus viewtopic.php?p=206169#p206169
Hibiscus calyphyllus Lemonyellow Rosemallow viewtopic.php?p=296048#p296048
Hibiscus engleri Wild Hibiscus viewtopic.php?f=248&p=170767#p170767
Hibiscus microcarpus, Hibiscus malacospermus Dwarf Hibiscus viewtopic.php?f=248&t=3748&p=170768#p170768
Hibiscus pusillus Bladderweed viewtopic.php?f=248&t=3748&p=170769#p170769
Pavonia burchellii, Pavonia procumbens Dainty Pavonia viewtopic.php?f=248&t=3748&p=170770#p170770
Pavonia columella Pink Pavonia viewtopic.php?f=248&t=3748&p=170771#p170771
Sida cordifolia cordifolia Flannel Weed, Heart-leaf Sida viewtopic.php?f=248&t=3748&p=179886#p179886
Triumfetta welwitschii Triumfetta viewtopic.php?f=248&t=3748&p=170772#p170772

Family: Neuradaceae
Grielum humifusum White-eyed Duiker Root viewtopic.php?f=248&t=3748&p=170773#p170773

Family: Thymeleaeceae
Gnidia caffra Poison Bush viewtopic.php?p=235196#p235196
Gnidia polycephala Januarybush viewtopic.php?p=198852#p198852
Passerina corymbosa Common Gonna Bush viewtopic.php?p=242949#p242949
Struthiola striata Striate Sprayflower viewtopic.php?p=301601#p301601

Re: Africa Wild Flower Book - Order Malvales

Mon Jan 20, 2014 3:30 am

Wild Hibiscus Hibiscus engleri
Order: Malvales. Family: Malvaceae

Image © leachy
Kruger National Park

Image


Description
Erect herb, up to 1.5 m tall. Dec - May in flower. This shrublet is easy to recognise by its yellow flower with a striking dark- reddish centre. The stems carry sharply pointed star-shaped bristles. The Wild Hibiscus is one of several yellow-flowered hibiscus typified by 5 large petals and branched style. These plants are slender shrubs or small trees with rough leaves and branches. The leaves are usually lobed with tooth margins and are covered with rough, star-shaped hairs. The large cup-shaped flowers are scattered along the branches on thin stalks. They are often yellow with a dark eye; the flowers are very delicate and last only a day before wilting; fresh ones open each morning. The stamens and stigmas are joined to form a conspicuous stalk in the centre of the flower.

Distribution
Tropical Africa, tropical Asia and Madagascar. Provincial distribution in South Africa: Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, Northern Cape, North West.

Habitat
Dry open woodland and scrub.

Re: Africa Wild Flower Book - Order Malvales

Mon Jan 20, 2014 3:32 am

Dwarf Hibiscus Hibiscus microcarpus, Hibiscus malacospermus
Order: Malvales. Family: Malvaceae

Image © Amoli
Rietvlei Nature Reserve, Gauteng

Description
Perennial herb, 6–24 cm. tall, with woody rootstock; stems stellate-setose. Solitary purple flowers, up to 8 cm. in diam. The leaves are narrowly oblong, hairy and sharply serrate at margins and sessile.

Distribution
Namibia, Botswana, Lesotho, Swaziland, South Africa (Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West), Zimbabwe.

Habitat
Grassland.

Re: Africa Wild Flower Book - Order Malvales

Mon Jan 20, 2014 3:33 am

Bladderweed Hibiscus pusillus (Terblansbossie)
Order: Malvales. Family: Malvaceae

Image © Sharifa
Mountain Zebra National Park

Description
Perennial herb 5–30 cm. high with ± prostrate annual shoots from a woody rootstock. Leaves are extremely variable in shape and cutting (ovate, or tricuspidate, or 3-lobed, or tripartite), but always thick and rigid and sharply toothed; rarely stellato-pubescent, mostly sub-glabrous.
The flowers are rather large, up to 6 cm. in diam., crimson or deep rosy-purple, rarely varying to orange or yellow, with a purple or crimson centre, usually solitary and appear throughout the summer.

Distribution
Namibia, Botswana, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, South Africa. Provincial distribution in South Africa: Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, Northern Cape, North West, Western Cape.

Habitat
Mopane woods and among rocks. Karoo shrubland and thornveld along drainage lines. Also often in disturbed and degraded grassland areas.

Re: Africa Wild Flower Book - Order Malvales

Mon Jan 20, 2014 3:34 am

Desert rose Hermannia stricta (Woestynroos)
Order: Malvales. Family: Malvaceae. Subfamily: Sterculiaceae

Image

Image
Richtersveld National Park, Northern Cape

Description
A small perennial shrub up to 80 cm high. When not in flower it appears woody with a grey bark. The fragrant flowers are drooping, dark pink with the petals spirally overlapping and flaring out in an open trumpet.

Distribution
Northern and Western Cape and Namibia

Habitat
Scattered throughout dry areas.

Africa Wild Flower Book - Order Malvales

Mon Jan 20, 2014 3:34 am

Dainty Pavonia Pavonia burchellii, Pavonia procumbens
Order: Malvales. Family: Malvaceae

Image © leachy
Kruger National Park

Image © mposthumus
Kruger National Park, around Pretoriuskop

Description
Soft shrubby perennial, often with straggling stems, up to 1 m tall. Leaves, with toothed or scalloped margins, on long petioles. Leaves ovate-pentagonal in outline, up to 8 × 7 cm, angled to shallowly 3-5 lobed, stellate pubescent on both surfaces, usually more densely and paler below, deeply cordate at the base, basal lobes often overlapping; margin crenate-serrate. Flowering time: Oct - Mar. Flowers creamy-white to deep orange-yellow, rarely with a reddish centre. Epicalyx of 5(6) bracts, 7-11 mm long, ovate to oblong-lanceolate, 5-veined, stellate-pubescent, green at flowering time, turning brown and dry in fruit.

Distribution
From Eritrea and Somalia through the drier parts of eastern tropical Africa to Angola, Botswana, Namibia and South Africa (Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, Northern Cape, North West).

Habitat
In a variety of drier wooded habitats, often on sandy or rocky soils, mostly growing in the shade of trees, bush clumps or boulders.

Re: Africa Wild Flower Book - Order Malvales

Mon Jan 20, 2014 3:36 am

Pink Pavonia Pavonia columella
Order: Malvales. Family: Malvaceae

Image © Lisbeth
Oribi Gorge Nature Reserve, South Coast KwaZulu-Natal

Description
Soft shrubby perennial, usually less than 2 m. Most parts covered in soft, sticky hairs, not irritant. Leaves shallowly 3-7-lobed, rounded, unpleasantly aromatic when crushed. Stems are covered in fine hairs and leaves are soft and velvety. Flowers pale pink, mauve or rose in small axillary clusters. The five petalled, pale pink flowers are borne on side stems and bloom from spring right through to early winter, attracting butterflies and bees.

Distribution
Tanzania, Uganda, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland and South Africa (Eastern Cape, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West, Western Cape).

Habitat
Higher rainfall areas; at the margins of evergreen and riverine forest, usually in the mountains and in sheltered river-valleys with a dense vegetation; in moister cooler climates (Natal, E. Cape) also at lower altitudes, but almost invariably in forest edges and clearings, riverine bush etc.

Re: Africa Wild Flower Book - Order Malvales

Mon Jan 20, 2014 3:37 am

Triumfetta sp. Triumfetta welwitschii
Order: Malvales. Family: Malvaceae

Image © mposthumus
Kruger National Park, Pretoriuskop area

Description
Perennial herb, growing annual stems from a woody rootstock, usually flowering before the leaves develop. Inflorescences terminal, covered in a golden velvety indumentum, flowers yellow. The fruits are covered in long, erect reddish bristles.
The three varieties recognized are: var. welwitschii, var. descampsii (De Wild. & T. Durand) Brenan, and var. hirsuta (Sprague & Hutch.) Wild. The varieties mainly differ in the density and type of indumentum on the leaves.

Distribution
Not endemic to South Africa. Provincial distribution: KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga

Habitat
A conspicuous species of burnt roadsides, grassland and woodland.

Links: Swaziland's Flora Database

Re: Africa Wild Flower Book - Order Malvales

Mon Jan 20, 2014 3:38 am

White-eyed Duiker Root Grielum humifusum (Duikerwortel, Pietsnot)
Order: Malvales. Family: Neuradaceae

Image
Richtersveld National Park, Northern Cape


Description
Creeping annual herb with creeping stems radiating from a fleshy taproot. Stems up to 350 mm long. Flowers up to 50 mm diam. Often forming mats, with deeply lobed, sparsely white-woolly leaves that are almost hairless above and with rounded lobes; bears glistening, pale yellow flowers (with darker yellow eye) in spring.
This plant has a large fleshy, slimy root system. The fleshy, protein-rich roots are edible, that was an important seasonal carbohydrate staple food to the Nama and Khoi tribe inhabitants of the area in the past.

Distribution
Namaqualand, Western Cape.

Habitat
Winter rainfall areas, it grows prolifically on sandy soils in karroid vegetation and strandveld, often along roadsides.

Image
Goegap Nature Reserve, Northern Cape

Image © Tina
Tankwa Karoo National Park

Re: Africa Wild Flower Book - Order Malvales

Mon Mar 03, 2014 12:15 pm

Flannel Weed, Heart-leaf Sida Sida cordifolia cordifolia
Order: Malvales. Family: Malvaceae

Image © Heksie
Kruger National Park

Description
Upright and long-lived herbaceous plant or small shrub growing 0.5-2 m tall. Closely and softly grey-velvety throughout. Its wiry stems and leaves are densely covered in soft hairs that give them a felty texture. Leaves are usually heart-shaped with rounded tips and toothed margins. Leaf-stalk up to 4 cm long; blade broadly oval, base more or less heart-shaped, up to 6 cm long x 4 cm wide, margins coarsely toothed. Flowers in dense many-flowered clusters at end of stem and of stalked axillary branches. Corolla white, yellow or pale orange, c 1,5 cm diam.
Similar species: Sida rhombifolia has oval (i.e. elliptic), lance-shaped (i.e. lanceolate) or somewhat diamond-shaped (i.e. rhomboid) leaves with a dense covering of hairs on their undersides and a sparse covering of hairs on their upper surfaces.

Distribution
Not endemic to South Africa. Provincial distribution: Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, Northern Cape, North West.

Habitat
Grassland and disturbed woodland.

Image © arks

Image © arks
Kruger National Park, Crook's Corner