AW Insect Book: Crickets, Grasshoppers & Locusts - Photos

Mon May 21, 2012 5:54 pm

Africa Wild Insect Book: Orthoptera (Crickets, Grasshoppers & Locusts)

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Index to Crickets, Grasshoppers & Locusts (Order Orthoptera)

Fri Oct 04, 2013 4:48 pm

Order: Orthoptera

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Suborder: Ensifera (elongate, bendy, antennae with many segments)
Family: Anostostomatidae (Wetas, including Parktown prawn)
Unidentified King Cricket viewtopic.php?f=247&t=3192&start=10#p166803
Unidentified King Cricket viewtopic.php?f=247&t=3192&start=10#p166811

Family: Bradyporidae (Armoured Crickets)
Acanthoplus armativentris Armoured Ground Cricket viewtopic.php?f=247&t=3192&p=142230#p159937
Acanthoplus discoidalis Armoured Katydid viewtopic.php?p=326346#p326346
Acanthoplus longipes Long-legged Armoured Katydid viewtopic.php?p=217141#p217141
Acanthoproctus cervinus Armoured Cricket, Corn Cricket viewtopic.php?f=247&t=3192&p=142161#p142161

Family: Gryllacrididae

Family: Gryllidae (Crickets)
Gryllodes sigillatus Banded Cricket, Tropical House Cricket viewtopic.php?p=193727#p193727
Gryllus bimaculatus African or Mediterranean Field Cricket, Common Garden Cricket viewtopic.php?p=260385#p260385

Family: Gryllotalpidae (Mole Crickets)

Family: Rhaphidophoridae (Cave Crickets)

Family: Schizodactylidae (Dune Crickets)

Family: Stenopelmatidae (King Crickets)

Family: Tettigoniidae (Katydids, Koringkrieks)
Clonia wahlbergi Winged Predatory Katydid viewtopic.php?p=144555#p144555
Cymatomera denticollis Bark Katydid viewtopic.php?p=193096#p193096
Eurycorypha sp Leaf Katydid viewtopic.php?f=247&t=3192&p=176523#p176523
Phaneroptera sparsa Leaf Katydid viewtopic.php?f=247&p=144777#p144777
Phaneroptera sp. (Nymph) viewtopic.php?p=194206#p194206
Terpnistria zebrata Acacia Katydid viewtopic.php?f=247&p=143119#p143119
Zabalius sp. True Leaf Katydid viewtopic.php?p=312266#p312266
Unidentified Shield-backed Katydid viewtopic.php?f=247&t=3192#p143413


Suborder: Caelifera (short, straight antennae)
Family: Acrididae (Grasshoppers and Locusts)
Acanthacris ruficornis Garden Locust viewtopic.php?f=247&t=3192&p=142230#p142230
Acrida sp. Stick Grasshopper viewtopic.php?p=193791#p193791
Acrotylus diana Burrowing Grasshopper viewtopic.php?p=191603#p191603
Acrotylus patruelis Slender Red-winged Grasshopper viewtopic.php?p=190824#p190824
Anacridium moestum Tree Locust viewtopic.php?p=190419#p190419
Rhodesiana cuneicerca Shorthorned Grasshopper viewtopic.php?p=191286#p191286
Sphingonotus scabriculus Blue-wing viewtopic.php?p=191248#p191248

Family: Euschmidtiidae (Bush Hoppers)
Bush Hopper possibly Amatonga or Pseudamatonga sp. viewtopic.php?p=193632#p193632

Family: Pamphagidae (Toad Grasshoppers)
Lamarckiana sparrmani Rain Locust viewtopic.php?p=190026#p190026
Lamarckiana sp. Rain Locust viewtopic.php?f=247&t=3192&start=10#p160446
Lamarckiana sp. Rain Locust viewtopic.php?p=205474#p205474
Lamarckiana sp. Rain Locust viewtopic.php?p=268235#p268235
Lobosceliana Shieldback Locust viewtopic.php?f=247&t=3192&start=10#p161654
Porthetine Grasshopper viewtopic.php?p=198289#p198289

Family: Pneumoridae (Bladder Grasshoppers)

Family: Pyrgomorphidae (Gaudy Grasshoppers)
Dictyophorus spumans Koppie Foam Grasshopper viewtopic.php?f=247&t=3192&p=142933#p142933
Phymateus leprosus Green Milkweed Locust viewtopic.php?f=247&t=3192&p=142237#p142237
Phymateus morbillosus Common Milkweed Locust viewtopic.php?p=260849#p260849
Zonocerus elegans Elegant Grasshopper viewtopic.php?f=247&t=3192&p=178163#p178163

Family: Tetrigidae (Pygmy Grasshoppers)

Family: Thericleidae
Thericles sp. Bush Hopper viewtopic.php?p=245181#p245181
Unidentified Monkey Grasshopper viewtopic.php?p=215985#p215985

Family: Tridactylidae (Pygmy Mole 'Crickets')

Re: AW Insect Book: Crickets, Grasshoppers & Locusts - Photo

Fri Oct 04, 2013 5:34 pm

Armoured Cricket, Corn Cricket Acanthoproctus cervinus Koringkriek
Family: Bradyporidae

Image © nan
Kgalagadi

Image © nan

Large (body length 39 mm), grey with a spiny pronotum.

Image © Mel
Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park

Re: AW Insect Book: Crickets, Grasshoppers & Locusts - Photo

Fri Oct 04, 2013 8:21 pm

Garden Locust Acanthacris ruficornis
Family: Acrididae

Image A. r. ruficornis

Image
Kruger National Park

Image Nymph © BluTuna

Image Nymph © mposthumus
Kruger National Park

Description
Large (body length 65 mm).
Adult garden locusts are dark brown in colour with a midline cream stripe running from the thorax to the wings. Wings & thorax are dark brown. White and red spines are found on the hind tibea.
The best way to distinguish between adult males and females is to look at the shape of the tip of the abdomen. The tip of the male's abdomen is smooth and rounded, whilst the female's is jagged.

Distribution
Acanthacris ruficornis is found virtually throughout Africa south of the Sahara. Acanthacris ruficornis is considered as two distinct geographical races: A. r. ruficornis and A. r. citrina.

Re: AW Insect Book: Crickets, Grasshoppers & Locusts - Photo

Fri Oct 04, 2013 8:42 pm

Green Milkweed Locust Phymateus leprosus (Stinksprinkaan)
Suborder: Caelifera. Infraorder: Acrididea. Superfamily: Pyrgomorphoidea. Family: Pyrgomorphidae. Tribe: Phymateini

Image © Toko
Mating Phymateus leprosus in Mountain Zebra National Park

The genus Phymateus belongs to the family Pyrgomorphidae. These giant and colourful Orthoptera are popularly known as bush locusts or milkweed locusts. They inhabit semi-deserts with Karoo vegetation, tree savannas, as well as gardens and other cultivated areas.
All Phymateus species use a wide range of food plants, including toxic families like Euphorbiaceae, Asclepiadaceae, and Apocynaceae, as well as many crop species and garden plants.

Description
A large grasshopper about 7 cm in body length with two large bumps on pronotum. It has an olive-green body, with mottled wings in an assortment of greens and black.
Raises and rustles wings when threatened and produces an evil-smelling foam from the thoracic joints.
Nymphs are a bright green and black colour.

Habitat
Phymateus leprosus occurs in the wild bush and scrubland of the coastal belt of South Africa.

Biology
The eggs are laid, probably in the ground, from June to August and do not hatch until March-May of the following year. The development of the hoppers extends over 12-13 months, and the adults live for several months, so that the full cycle occupies two years. The hoppers of all ages are gregarious and cluster together on low shrubs; they also undertake migrations in close narrow columns.

Image © Michele Nel
Nymph, Garden Route National Park, Wilderness, Half-collared Kingfisher Trail

Image © Puff Addy
Montain Zebra National Park

Re: AW Insect Book: Crickets, Grasshoppers & Locusts - Photo

Mon Oct 07, 2013 8:57 pm

Koppie Foam Grasshopper Dictyophorus spumans Rooibaadjie
Family: Pyrgomorphidae.

Image
Namaqua National Park

Description
A flightless species. It grows up to a length of 80 millimetres. The neck shield has a warty surface. The name "foaming grasshopper" derives from the insect's ability to produce a toxic foam from its thoracic glands. Dictyophorus spumans is highly dangerous as its blood contains cardiac glycosides, heart-stopping toxins extracted from the plants such as milkweed, it feeds on. The orange warning colours indicate that this Grasshopper is poisonous. When disturbed, raises its short wing cases, revealing the mainly black and yellow striped abdomen.

Distribution
Indigenous to South Africa.

Habitat
Open rocky low vegetation.

Links: Wikipedia: Schaumheuschrecke

Image © nan
Namaqua National Park

Image © BluTuna

Image © BluTuna

Image © Flutterby
Drakensberg

Image © Twigga

Re: AW Insect Book: Crickets, Grasshoppers & Locusts - Photo

Tue Oct 08, 2013 7:05 pm

Acacia Katydid Terpnistria zebrata
Family: Tettigoniidae. Subfamily: Phaneropterinae

Image

Description
Medium to large (body length 44 mm), with broad thorn-like spines on legs and small saddle-shaped crest on rear of pronotum. Entire body and wings barred in cream and green. The leg spines resemble Acacia leaflets and coloration matches Acacia foliage on which they are found.

Distribution
They are found throughout South Africa except for the Cape and arid regions and in Namibia.

Habitat
They mostly occur in tropical and subtropical habitats.

Re: AW Insect Book: Crickets, Grasshoppers & Locusts - Photo

Thu Oct 10, 2013 10:10 am

Shield-backed Katydid sp. possibly Thoracistus sp.
Family: Tettigoniidae. Subfamily: Tettigoniinae. Tribe: Arytropteridini.

Image © BluTuna
Satara, Kruger National Park

Thoracistus is a South African genus, characterised by a produced pronotum (the first segment of the thorax) completely concealing the tegmina (front wings) and most of the abdomen.

Link: Tribe Arytropteridini Caudell, 1908: Orthoptera Species File
Last edited by BluTuna on Wed Oct 16, 2013 12:53 pm, edited 1 time in total.

Re: AW Insect Book: Crickets, Grasshoppers & Locusts - Photo

Wed Oct 16, 2013 12:42 pm

Winged Predatory Katydid Clonia wahlbergi
Family: Tettigoniidae. Subfamily: Saginae

Image
Pilanesberg

Description
Very large (body length 40-65 mm), slender, body apple green with silvery markings. Wings fully developed or slightly shortened, as in all members of the genus.

Distribution
Zimbabwe, Southern Mozambique, South Africa, Namibia

Biology
An actively predatory katydid. It uses its large, spiny legs to catch other insects. Nocturnal. Voracious, males producing a low buzzing call.

Re: AW Insect Book: Crickets, Grasshoppers & Locusts - Photo

Thu Oct 17, 2013 7:00 pm

Leaf Katydid Phaneroptera sparsa
Family: Tettigoniidae. Subfamily: Phaneropterinae

Image Male © BluTuna
Garden in Johannesburg

Phaneroptera Leaf katydids are medium-sized (body length 30 mm), green, with round eyes and green, unstriped abdomen. P. sparsa is the commonest of 12 species. These katydids are arboreal in habitat passing their lives in shrubs and trees feeding on leaves and tender twigs. The Phaneropterinae differ from locusts in their habits of oviposition. Their eggs are rarely deposited in the earth or twigs but are either glued fast in double rows to the outer surface of slender twigs or are inserted in the edges of leaves.
Phaneroptera nana and P. sparsa had long been considered as subspecies of one polytypic superspecies.

Link: Orthoptera Species File


Image © BluTuna

Image © BluTuna
This Leaf Katydid posed nicely in a Morning Glory flower and showed a wonderful colour contrast.

Image © ExFmem
Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park