Mammal Introductions in Kruger

Mon Dec 12, 2016 6:34 pm

Richprins wrote:It was a mess, in the end Dzombs! But maybe worth a try? Before global warming and what not, and going on local lore and even cave paintings...but they were really on a roll! :-0

Oribi, suni, red duiker, Liechtenstein's, rhebuck, dassies to Maquili, cheetah from Namibia, roan from Malawi, Samango monkeys...

Instead of going off topic, thought I would start a new thread...

Rhebuck - no longer present?
Oribi - no longer present?
Suni - a few in the far north?
Red duiker - don't know if they are still there?
Liechtenstein - a few still hanging on in P'kop and Shingwedzi area. Not thriving-
Dassies - never heard of that one. Can somone elaborate?
Cheetah - to boost numbers?
Roan - to boost numbers?
Samango Monkeys - are they still present?

Re: Mammal Introductions in Kruger

Tue Dec 13, 2016 8:58 am

Richprins wrote:
Richprins wrote:[
Loosely translated, in 1991 some nitwit brought Free State dassies to what is now Mthethomusha, just across the border from Maqili hill in Southern Kruger, where the weird relict dassie population is! The dassies started spreading nearer to the is just across the railway and stream, and it was suggested the invaders be "removed" to prevent genetic contamination....although the Maqili dassies must be so inbred by now that should be a project in itself! :-)

Don't know what happened after that? -O-

You won't believe it, but I met up with this "nitwit" this old mate! :shock: :shock: :shock: :shock:

Turns out there were dassies on the eastern border anyway, but struggling. She says no way they went into Kruger! @#$ lol ... 6&start=60

So not really SP introduction, rather MTPA! lol

Re: Mammal Introductions in Kruger

Tue Dec 13, 2016 9:01 am ... 21398.html

Paging through an old Custos magazine we came across an article about the reintroduction of Samango monkeys into Kruger, and wondered what happened to the rare primates.
Between 1982 and 1988, a total of 95 Samango Monkeys were reintroduced into the Kruger National Park (KNP) in the Pafuri area. The rare monkeys came from the Entabeni state forests near Louis Trichardt, where they were causing a problem in the plantations.
Samango monkeys disappear in Kruger in 1991 drought
The monkeys were stripping bark from young pine trees, damaging and in some cases killing the trees. The Pafuri area was chosen as the site for the relocation as samango monkeys were previously recorded in the area near the Luvuvhu River, up until 1959After that, the monkeys were not seen again, and neither was their characteristic booming call heard. Even the old rangers who know the area like the back of their hand have not seen the primates since the 91-92 drought. Some people suspect that the monkeys disappeared into Mozambique, but Kobus believes conditions were too harsh in the entire region for the introduced animals to survive.The loss of indigenous vegetation led the Samango Monkey being placed South Africa's endangered species list. Conservationists are making efforts to reserve the species from becoming extinct. Spotting the Samango Monkey is now seen as a special event. These specimens are commonly spotted in the coastal forests of St Lucia estuary in KwaZulu-Natal and in the Afro-montane forests of Mpumalanga. The Samango Monkey (Cercopithecus mitis) is also known as the blue or Sykes monkey. It usually occurs in isolated patches, frequently in coastal forest, and is an endangered species.The monkey has very distinctive patch of hair over its eyes, and has a generally thicker and darker coat than a vervet monkey. It avoids the sunlight and spends most of its time in the canopy of evergreen forests.They mostly eat fruit (with a special fondness for figs), leaves, insects, caterpillars and flowers. One of the most characteristic features of this monkey, other than its facial hair, is its booming call. Populations of samango monkeys occur naturally on the Drakensberg Escarpment in the Blyde River area, and also in Magoebaskloof near Tzaneen.

Re: Mammal Introductions in Kruger

Tue Dec 13, 2016 9:09 am

Two protected areas in South Africa, namely the Kruger National Park and Kalahari-Gemsbok National Park, are large enough to hold sustainable Cheetah populations that do not require constant management.

The Cheetah population in the Kruger National Park was first estimated in 1964 when Pienaar (1969) used the parks register system to deduce an estimate of 263 Cheetahs. Thereafter estimates were obtained using photographic surveys in 1990/1 (Bowland 1994) and 2004/5 (Kemp & Mills 2005) and 2008/9 (Marnewick et al. 2014) with population estimates of 172, 102 and 183 respectively. All photographic surveys gave a population estimate of the minimum number of animals alive on 1 January of the survey period (Maddock & Mills 1994).

Concerns about Kruger’s dwindling population prompted the introduction of 16 Cheetahs from Namibia in 1968. This was the first of three batches intended to boost local numbers. Whilst in quarantine at Tshokwane, most of the reportedly young Cheetah contracted a tick-transmitted bacterial infection called Rickettsiosis. Two died but after intensive treatment four adults were released between Tshokwane and Satara. A second group of eight was released near Crocodile Bridge and further ten along the Sabie River and at Tshokwane. Several returned to their holding pens in an emaciated condition and had to be artificially fed or recaptured. The fate of the remainder is not known although some of the 34 Namibian Cheetah that were introduced into Kruger are thought to have survived and integrated with the local population (pers.comm Gus Mills).

The South African portion of the Kgalagadi National Park is the only protected area in South Africa that has never reintroduced Cheetah from outside sources. Mills (1990) estimated that there were about 60 Cheetahs on the South African side of this reserve. A photographic survey similar to those carried out in Kruger were performed between June 1998 and July 1999. Eighty individuals consisting of 31 males, 19 females, 4 unsexed individuals and 26 cubs were identified (Knight 1999). These Cheetah were nearly all recorded along the Aubb and Nossob dry river-beds that run through the area and where tourist activity and springbok are concentrated. A study on the Kalahari Cheetahs is currently being completed by Gus Mills.

Fig 4. Kruger National Park and the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park are the only protected areas in South Africa that have Cheetah populations large enough not to require management. ... tions.html

Re: Mammal Introductions in Kruger

Tue Dec 13, 2016 9:19 am

Oribi story here: ... 0020,d.d2s

Roan and Tsessebe also introduced, Roan from Zim and tsessebe from game farm in SA: ... 0020,d.d2s

Re: Mammal Introductions in Kruger

Tue Dec 13, 2016 9:23 am

Even aardwolf and Mountain reedbuck introduced! :shock:

Page 396 here: ... on&f=false

Re: Mammal Introductions in Kruger

Tue Dec 13, 2016 9:34 am

And suni, red duiker, nyala, eland, sable on p 397...

Never knew it was such a variety! :shock:
Last edited by Richprins on Tue Dec 13, 2016 9:40 am, edited 1 time in total.

Re: Mammal Introductions in Kruger

Tue Dec 13, 2016 9:39 am

In July 1985 Lichtenstein's hartebeest were reintroduced to the park. An initial 26 had been caught and quarantined in Malawi's Kasungu National Park, but after heavy losses due to capture myopathy, only 9 were released in the park. In 1986 a further 15 animals were translocated to the park. ... ional_Park

Re: Mammal Introductions in Kruger

Tue Dec 13, 2016 9:41 am

Maybe you want to tabulate a summary, Dzombs...a bit of homework?! :-0 ..0..

Re: Mammal Introductions in Kruger

Tue Dec 13, 2016 10:01 am

Richprins wrote:Maybe you want to tabulate a summary, Dzombs...a bit of homework?! :-0 ..0..


Thanks for the info.

Yes, I could well do.
Hectic busy at work until Xmas and I go away. So perhaps a project for the new year?